Fiber optic cable is usually terminated in two ways. One is using connectors that pairing two cables to set up a link, and the other way is connecting the fibers to some network equipment such as fiber optic patch panel or switch for better cable management. No matter which terminations it uses, fiber optic cable should be installed in a manner with less signal loss. However, how to connect fiber optic cables to fiber optic patch panel correctly? Today, we will talk about the steps of this process. First, let’s have a overview of patch panel.
Types of Patch Panel
Patch panel is defined as the interface between multiple optical fibers and optical equipment. It’s a termination unit that helps networking and fiber distribution from wiring closet to various terminal equipment. Patch panel are divided into two types based on different designs, the wall mount and rack mount category. Both types can house, organize, and protect fiber optic cable and connectors.
Wall mount fiber patch panel is usually fixed on indoor walls with low-profile and compact design. It has a terrace that can provide a flexible cabling system. This patch panel is a suitable device for on-site installation of pre-connected cables and connectors.
Rack mount fiber patch panel is an indoor network equipment which is designed for standard 19 inch rack mounting. It’s available in 1U, 2U and 4U size due to different connection demands. This type can accommodate all kinds of fiber adapter ports like SC, LC, ST, FC and so on.
Structure of Fiber Optic Patch Panel
A typical fiber enclosure consists of four elements with different uses. They are enclosed chamber for installing adapter panels for holding, connector adapters for mating and splice tray for organizing. Thus, technicians can use a fiber optic patch panel to terminate fiber optic cables in a tidy and secure way. In addition, with assistance of a patch panel, they can also install, repair and upgrade networks quickly and efficiently.
Steps of Connecting Fiber Optic Cable to Fiber Optic Patch Panel
It’s important to make a right connection between cables and fiber optic patch panel so that the device can run well. Following the steps, you can do it.
- A fiber optic patch panel should be prepared first and make sure this work will be done on a clean and level work surface. Patch panel is supplied empty, so the adapters should be inserted into the mounting plate. Then fix the mounting plate in position.
- Prepare cables based on standard termination procedures and ensure there is enough surplus cable to work with. Connect the cable by fixing the gland and roll the excess fiber onto the spool. After that, remove the protection cap and insert into position in the adapter. Once the cables are all attached, it’s better to use a zip tie to secure the cables in a bundle.
- Label each jack location on the fiber optic patch panel so as to distinguish the cables. Finally, mount the patch panel in a rack or cabinet.
Fiber optic patch panel is a cost-effective way for cable management. Connecting fiber optic cable to patch panel is easy and can actually optimize the network work. So why not have a try?